I know that frustration, but it’s a really cool idea and you’ll be able to use the knowledge gained many times over.
Everything comes from that first attempt. Thank you for posting.
You would not believe how many prints I did for the living hinge enclosure on my lamp. I made one where I accidentally used the length of the outside edge of the enclosure, so the result was too big, I made a couple where I tried to match the “outside edge offset by the width of the living hinge” which were a little too small (something to do with k-factor I suspect). I also was using some not-great plywood from Home Depot which had some voids and some filler and kept breaking.
Some things I learned:
- If you want to wrap an enclosure of thickness t around a circle with diameter D, make the length of your enclosure the perimeter of a circle with diameter around about D+t/2. As I said, there’s probably some fancy k-factor math you could do to get the exact right length, but living hinges can compress and expand a little, bit, so it doesn’t need to be perfect. With really good plywood you can even do just D, but the hinge will be stretched a little bit, so everything will be under tension.
- If you’re having a hard time getting your living hinge to wrap around your enclosure (things are breaking, it won’t bend far enough, etc…) get out a steam iron and liberally blast your living hinge with steam. It will bend much more easily. This is especially true for pieces where you’re going to glue everything in place, because you’re just trying to make a curve, and you don’t need it to “hinge”, but even for hinges it will help.
- I made mine with squared off sides, so I could make the “join” on one of the squared off sides. This made it so the wood wasn’t trying to uncurl and fight against the joint while I was trying to make it. If you have your heart set on a cylinder (and, it’ll be pretty awesome if you pull it off!) I would try maybe printing out a couple of “forms” - like, imagine a square, with a circular hole the same diameter as your enclosure in the middle, then cut that whole thing in half so you have two “U” shaped pieces. You could clamp a bunch of these around your enclosure while the steam dries and the glue dries - should help keep things in place.
- For your project in particular, maybe try some “practice” pieces by reducing the height of your hinge to 1/3, or maybe try printing out 1/4 of the circle to start with - this gives you something you can play with until you get it right, without having to wait an hour every time.
- Most of all, don’t give up. Failure is just finding another way that doesn’t work. Like I said, I made a lot of prints of my lamp base before I found one that did what I needed it to.
No, wait… D+t/2.
What is t? (I read that discussion that @markevans36301 linked, and it was outside of my comprehension level without a lot more study on the subject.)
(It’s not empty, silly Discourse!)
Steaming the wood to make it bend more is exactly the right call. It’s an age-old tradecraft that was used for making everything from baskets, tools, and furniture to ships and planes. Great idea using the steam iron, if the piece of wood is small enough you could also use a vegetable steamer. I love mixing old skills with new! For tree branches, the old rule of thumb was 1 hour of steaming per 1" of diameter. So for 1/4" wood you might maybe need to steam it for 10-15 minutes at the very most.
Whoop! Skimmed too quickly! Many thanks!
So for 1/4" wood you might maybe need to steam it for 10-15 minutes at the very most.
I found with 1/4" oak ply from HD, I could just blast it with steam for about 10 seconds, and it made it much easier to work with. If you take a sheet of veneer that’s trying to curl up on you and hold the steam iron above it and hit the steam button, you can watch it flatten itself out over about two seconds.
Once the button lights up you should be able to print. No need to wait for the preview to play out. It has no bearing on the print itself.
(I read that discussion that @markevans36301 linked, and it was outside of my comprehension level without a lot more study on the subject.)
So, let’s say you have a circle with a 1" diameter, and you want to wrap a piece of string around the outside. 1" diameter means a circumference of ~3.14", so you cut your string to 3.14" and done!
So you might think if you want to wrap a piece of 1/4" oak around your circle, same deal - cut it to 3.14" and go. The problem is, a piece of 1/4" oak is essentially going to make a “pipe”, where the inside diameter is 1", and the outside diameter is 1.5" (because there’s 1/4" of oak on either side). So what you really want is a piece of oak that is 3.14" long on the bottom, and 4.71" long on the top… Except that’s crazy.
Now, 1" diameter is a pretty tight circle to try to bend a 1/4" piece of oak around, so this is an exaggerated example, but if you have a 10" circle it’s the same idea - if you cut your piece 1/4" oak to be 10" * pi = 31.4" long, it’s probably going to be a little too short. If you cut it to 10.5" * pi = 32.97", it’s probably going to be a little too long. You want something in the middle, where the outside part of the wood stretches a bit, and the inside part compresses a bit. That k-factor stuff is a way of determining exactly how far in between you need to be. But, with living hinges, you can stretch or compress the entire piece of wood a little bit because of the “springiness” of the hinge itself, so you can pick something “in the middle” and hope for the best.
That explains it very nicely. (And a lot easier than k factor.)
And it comes pretty close to working out - I was just tacking on a couple of mm to the πr length for a hemisphere, and since the thickness of the material was running about 3.3-3.5 mm, that was pretty close to half the thickness. Maybe a little extra, but it wound up not stretching much, which kept the wood intact.
Good to know why it was working though. Now I can easily modify it for thicker/thinner materials.
This one was tough!
I just wanted to add this to the discussion. K factor was originally for solid sheets so I really don’t know how much if any it applies to kerfed out living hinges.
Yeah… It would be exciting trying to work out the k-factor of a sheet of wood with a bunch of holes cut in it. I suspect it would change very dramatically based on the exact shape and spacing of your living hinge holes, if it even applies at all.
I’m not sure I would use this word to describe. “Interesting” and “rewarding” may be how I would view such work
But to each their own, right?!
Failure is just finding another way that doesn’t work.
Thanks for that.
It will be my first text engrave for the workshop when I get back to Corinth in March.
you’re definitely stretching those hinges further than they should be.
Finally got around to staining and installing the raspberry pi. It is running motioneye and the camera is hidden in one of the holes.
Indoor Security Camera Enclosure
Clever! (And sneaky!)